Accidents can happen any time and everywhere and when they do, a first aid is always needed before getting people to the hospital and that is why it is very important to have first aid knowledge because one might save someone’s life at some point instead of just watching and not knowing what to do. On Saturday January 14, 2017, Determined to Develop (D2D) staff members along with our sponsored youth, received CPR training from Doctor Stephanie and nurse Julie from the United States. These medical professionals explained that CPR is part of the emergency cardiac care system designed to save lives. They said that many deaths can be prevented when an injury occurs and is followed by early CPR. The trainees were also told that CPR is designed to support and maintain breathing and circulation until emergency medical personnel arrive and take over.
That was not all, the training included first aid for choking as well as heavy bleeding. The training on how one can help a choking person was done in steps and the first step was to Determine if the person can speak or cough, if the choking person can cough they should be encouraged to cough more until the lungs are cleared if not then there is need to proceed to step 2 which is to perform an abdominal thrust called the Heimlich Maneuver repeatedly until the foreign body is expelled if an object comes in the throat or mouth the person giving first aid should remove it. Stephanie and Julie emphasized that if the adult or child becomes unresponsive, there’s need to perform CPR.
The last part of the training was about controlling heavy bleeding. Dr Stephanie and Julie said that it is always important to allow the injured person lie down because it can make it easier to elevate the affected area, and can help reduce blood flow at the wound site. The body’s response will be to “faint/fall down” in an attempt to get the person to lie flat. This makes it easier for the heart to get blood and therefore oxygen to the brain. The other step taught was to bind the wound with a bandage or the like (strips of cloth etc.) and the bandage can be held together with tape of any sort if available. The important thing is that sufficient pressure is applied to help the clotting process until the injured person is taken to the hospital. Both D2D staff and the sponsored youth were encouraged to perform CPR in the middle and at the end of training.